Getting an autism diagnosis can bring on lots of questions, even when it's a mild level on the spectrum, such as Asperger syndrome. Before you overthink things, take some time to figure out what you need to know about Asperger syndrome diagnosis, and what it means as far as treatment and future care.
Symptoms to Watch For:
Symptoms of this particular disorder begin quite early in children. Social differences between the affected child and others of the same age will become obvious through simple things like a lack of eye contact, no physical signs of emotion, and language differences. Children with Asperger syndrome prefer to play by themselves, and may even talk to themselves, rather than interacting with others. It should be noted that this a generalization of the disorder, and therefore does not represent every case; some may exhibit different symptoms, or less severe symptoms in social situations.
Diagnosis and Treatment:
Your family pediatrician is able to diagnose the symptoms in children by monitoring them in activity, and interacting one on one with them. Special tests are available that will examine cognitive, social, and individual play to see if there are traits which point to the autism spectrum, and Asperger syndrome in particular.
Once a diagnosis has been made, treatment may begin. There is no cure for Asperger syndrome, and most children are not given medication. Instead, affected children will be invited to participate in different types of therapy which will benefit the individual symptoms of the disorder. From social skills training, to language therapy with a trained speech pathologist, there are many specialists who can change the way the child speaks, interacts with others, and visualizes the world.
When learning what you need to know about Asperger syndrome diagnosis, you will begin to understand that accepting your child, supporting him or her, and helping them to grow and learn despite their diagnosis is the best treatment available. There is plenty of support out there for parents of children with Asperger syndrome, some of which pinpoint parenting problems, while others offer an ear to listen to issues arising as you deal with this news.
Medication for Treatments:
As mentioned above, there aren't any medications that are designed to treat autism or Asperger syndrome, but there are prescription drugs that can assist with the symptoms as the child ages. Signs of anxiety and depression can be treated with medicine, in the form of SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. These types of treatments aren't recommended for young children, and are often unnecessary until well into adolescence.
For more information on what you need to know about Asperger syndrome diagnosis, you can speak to your family doctor or reach out to autism groups, such as the Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism Association, as well as the U.S. Autism and Asperger Association. If you notice your child exhibiting signs of the disorder, it can help give you peace of mind to get a second opinion from a pediatrician as soon as possible, and seek help from other parents of children who have the syndrome, and therefore understand what you are going through.