Asperger's syndrome is one in a group of neurological concerns that are found within the autism spectrum. It is milder than some of the other conditions in autism, but can still cause a number of significant problems for those who suffer from it. Here, we will be examining what causes Asperger syndrome and how is it treated to get a better understanding of the condition in general, and what can be done for those who have from it.
The Causes of Asperger's Syndrome:
The first step in answering "what causes Asperger syndrome and how is it treated" is to look at the risk factors and issues that can lead to this condition. Because it is considered to be an autistic disorder, you would expect that the causes are the same as those for autism. Although an inherited, or genetic component, is considered to be involved as a cause, it is not totally understood why this particular disorder occurs. In some cases, autistic disorders have been linked to teratogens, toxic exposure, problems with birth and pregnancy, and even prenatal infections.
Although some people have suggested that there may be a connection between vaccine exposure for the measles vaccine and a mercury preservative that is used in some vaccines, it's important to remember that an overwhelming amount of epidemiologic evidence suggests that there is no link between autism and immunizations.
Treatment for Asperger's Syndrome:
The next thing to consider when examining what causes Asperger syndrome and how is it treated are the different treatments that might be used to help people with this condition. Because every child diagnosed with Asperger's is different, it's worth noting that there isn't really a one-size-fits-all approach. Your doctor may need to try various therapies. Some treatments include:
1. Social Skills Training
Group or singular sessions can allow therapists to teach patients how to express themselves and interact with other people more appropriately.
2. Language and Speech therapy
Treatment of this kind focuses on helping to improve the child's communication skills. For instance, the child might learn how to use different tones when he or she is speaking, rather than speaking in a monotone voice. Children are often given lessons on how to keep up with two-way conversations and understand social cues too.
3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This type of therapy works by helping patients change the way they think so that they are better equipped to control their feelings and positively get over their repetitive behaviors. CBT can help patients to deal with things like obsessions and outbursts more readily.
4. Education and Training
Parents will need to learn many of the techniques that their children learn in Asperger's treatment sessions so that they can work on those skills with them at home. Some families will also see counselors to help them manage the challenges of caring for someone with Asperger's.
5. Behavioral Analysis
This is a technique that can prompt positive communication and social skills in the patient, and discourage behaviors that you would rather put a lid on. The therapist in this case will use positive reinforcement to ensure results.
There aren't any specific drugs approved by the FDA that specifically treat autism disorders and Asperger's. However, some medications can manage related symptoms like anxiety and depression and the doctor might prescribe stimulant medication, antipsychotic drugs and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.